Do you know all car body parts? Your vehicle is a very sophisticated and powerful machine. It encompasses a broad range of components that all work harmoniously to operate effectively.
Even a single faulty component can disrupt the entire system and limit the overall performance.
While you do not have to master everything about your automobile to maintain it properly, you should get familiar with the most vital components and their roles.
Understanding the different car body parts will enable you to drive more safely, lowering the overall chances of an accident and extending the service time of your automobile.
For instance, if you understand what brakes are and where they are located in your car, you will be able to detect indicators of deterioration sooner and change the braking pads before any possibility of braking malfunction rises.
In this article, I have listed the interior and exterior car body parts together with their images to help you better understand the components of a car.
Interior Car Body Parts Names with Pictures
The engine is one of the most important interior components in an automobile, sometimes referred to as the “heart” of a vehicle.
The engine’s function is to transfer the heat produced by burning fuel into the power that moves a vehicle.
The transmission, also known as the gearbox, is a crucial interior part of a vehicle. It is positioned in the engine, and it changes the burning power of the engine into driving energy that moves vehicles.
You can use the gear to adjust speed and strength based on the driving conditions you’re encountering. There are several gear ratios that drivers can select based on the vehicle’s speed.
Automobiles have batteries that can be recharged and used mainly to start a car.
The primary function of a battery is to supply electrical power to a vehicle, which then activates the chemically-fueled combustion engine that drives the car.
The battery is part of the starting system. Other uses include providing power for short-time use in lighting and audio when the engine is off.
An alternator generates electrical energy used to charge other vehicle components.
The alternator is located next to the engine, where it receives mechanical energy to generate electrical power.
Most cars that use an internal combustion engine (excluding a few hybrids) have alternators. The alternator is also used in charging automotive batteries and supplies power where needed.
Radiators are designed to remove the heat generated by the engine.
As soon as the thermostats around the engine detect too much heat, the procedure of heat elimination starts right away.
The radiator releases coolant into the engine to reduce the heat. Excess heat is released from the vehicle.
The automotive brake is situated on the left side of the gas pedal. Brake pedals usually have a broader, square form.
Brakes slow down or stop a moving car by absorbing or transferring movement energy, typically through friction.
7. Fuel Tank
A fuel tank is a crucial component of the fuel system. Various fuels, such as petrol, diesel, and natural gas, are stored in the fuel tank.
Fuel tanks have an inlet via which fuel can be pumped. They also include an opening that allows fuel to flow into the engine.
The muffler is an interior component of the exhaust system located at the back of automobiles to minimize engine noise.
When burned gases exit the exhaust, the sound wave generated by the combusted gas is quite loud. The sound is reduced and released into the atmosphere using a muffler.
An axle is a rod located under the car that holds two wheels together so they can move and maintain their position.
An engine’s force drives the vehicle ahead by turning the wheels on the axle. The axles are responsible for transferring engine power to the wheels.
The axle should support the overall car weight, trunk load, and people in the vehicle while executing this critical operation.
It must also support acceleration power and braking forces.
10. Catalytic Converter
A catalytic converter oxidizes toxic exhaust gases to transform toxic pollutants into less harmful emissions.
Carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons are all present in a vehicle’s exhaust gas due to the engine operation.
These hazardous gases are converted to carbon dioxide and water vapour through a catalytic converter.
The dashboard is the central control panel in every automobile. It is usually found just toward the front of the drive.
The dashboard displays the car’s controlling instruments like the speed, steering wheel, gas usage level, storage compartment, audio or entertainment system, air vent etc.
12. Car Ignition System
The ignition system is responsible for igniting the mixture of air and fuel in engines.
The system achieves this by generating a very high voltage from the car battery, sent to all spark plugs that ignite the mixture in the combustion chambers.
The ignition system is made of several components, which include;
- A spark plug is responsible for the ignition of air and fuel.
- An ignition coil converts the voltage level of the battery to the high voltage required to ignite the spark plugs, which then ignite the fuel.
- A distributor transfers the voltage output from the coils to the appropriate cylinder. The cap and rotor carry out the process.
13. Steering Wheel
A steering wheel, also known as a driving wheel, is part of the steering system positioned at the dashboard. A driver rotates the wheel to control the movements of a vehicle.
14. Seat and Seat Belt
All cars have a driver and passenger seats, both of which are fitted with seat belts.
A seat belt, also known as the safety belt, keeps you safe in your car in case of a crash or an unexpected stop.
15. Parking Brake
The parking brake sometimes called a handbrake or an emergency brake, is a tool that keeps the car safely static when parked.
The handbrake can also be used for instant braking in an emergency.
16. Clutch and Gas Pedal
Only vehicles with manual transmissions have a clutch pedal.
The clutch is positioned on the far left side. Pressing the lever causes the discs to separate from each other, allowing the transmission to detach from the engine so you can quickly change the gear.
The gas pedal, also called the accelerator pedal, is positioned at the far right on the car’s floor at the driver’s side.
It regulates the speed of your car by controlling the quantity of fuel put into the engine.
Exterior Car Body Parts Names with Pictures
The hood is the component that provides access to the engine. It is positioned at the front of the car, where the engine is installed.
Apart from covering the engine and its elements from every foreign material, the hood serves to keep things secure. It may be opened to provide you access to the engine and other components.
The windshield is the large front glass that provides a clear vision of the road for the driver. The primary function of the windshield is to protect the driver from wind and any particles or dust.
Bumpers safeguard drivers and the car from major harm in low-speed crashes by absorbing the majority of the force.
Bumpers are generally acceptable safety equipment because of their role in shielding drivers and passengers during minor accidents.
Wheels are spherical formations that create rotating motion and move the automobile from one location to the other.
Wheels work together with the rubber tires and rims to move vehicles from one point to another.
Steel, aluminum, and chrome are the three most common materials used to make rims. You may also find wheels or rims made from magnesium alloy.
Steel rims are somewhat out of date. Steel used to be the most common material for conventional wheels, but auto companies are shifting to lightweight metals to improve fuel efficiency.
The trunk is the space or cargo area, usually found at the back of a vehicle.
The trunk is mainly used to transport stuff and sometimes house spare tires and repair tools.
6. Car Roof
The roof is the outer covering that shelters the inside of a car and protects it from harsh surroundings like heat, water, and wind.
Some cars have immovable roofs, while others have detachable roofs. Roofs may include a small opening that may be opened when necessary.
A car door allows drivers and passengers to enter the vehicle and keeps vehicle occupants safe while they are inside.
A car might have two to four doors, depending on specifications. Doors are usually attached to the vehicle body.
Manually opening doors is the norm, but some vehicles have remote-controlled doors.
An automobile has three mirrors that assist you in keeping track of your surroundings: a rear-view mirror and two side mirrors.
The rear-view mirror is situated inside the car and displays what’s going on outside from behind. The mirror reflects the actual distance and size of vehicles that are back.
Automobiles have two side mirrors that provide a broader field of vision. Furthermore, side mirrors display cars further away than the actual distance.
9. Head Lights
The headlight, sometimes known as a headlamp, is the front car light that provides vision when driving in the evening.
You may change the modes of car headlights to provide multiple variations of light, such as full light, dimmed light, and much more.
10. Tail Lights
The set of lamps at the back of an automobile is known as taillights or tail lamps.
They make vehicles noticeable to oncoming traffic. Brake lights, for example, alert other vehicles that you’re slowing or stopping.
This will help you avoid being hit by motorists that are behind.
11. Bumper Grille
Grille is positioned at the front bumper and has a mesh design that allows the free flow of air.
The main purpose is to cool the engine while you drive. Air passes through the grille holes and provides ventilation to the engine.
12. Wiper Blade
A wiper is a tool used to clear any foreign material such as rainwater or ice on the windscreen that may hinder a clear vision of what is ahead.
13. License/ Number Plate
The number plate is a front bumper sticker with a unique registration number for all types of vehicles. The plate number is a legal requirement in all countries, mainly used for official identification.
The chassis, sometimes known as the frame or car ‘skeleton’, is the foundation for the body of a car. All car parts are built on the chassis.
15. Body Shell
The body shell is the structure that houses the engine and other mechanical systems of a car. It is tailored to support the heavyweight of car parts and passengers.
Your car is a complex structure of numerous units that work harmoniously to get the vehicle moving.
The auto body parts listed in this article are crucial for the proper functioning of every vehicle.
Even though some of the parts are not listed, the above-mentioned are the most significant auto parts you ought to know to operate and maintain a vehicle smoothly.
Without these components, the car may not function efficiently on the road, resulting in serious failures or accidents.
Above all, understanding how each car body parts functions will save you a lot of issues that arise when handling automobiles.
Hi I’m Marshall based in 1478 Doctors Drive Santa Monica, CA. I’m your DIY Car Repairman with more than 5 years experience in automobile repair, a skill I learned from my old man.
I started this blog to share my experience on both simple and technical aspects of your car.